Below is another case study I’ve done for a reader. This is the email I received from him.
I will be 40 years old soon. I am married with a 10 years old daughter. My wife is same age as me, she is a housewife. I have very little knowledge about the profession of financial advisory as retirement always seem far and away. Reading your book awakes me to the importance of financial planning and the quality of life.
My asset as bellow:
1) House (own stay) – Market value of RM800K with RM470K loan outstanding.
2) Second house tenanted at RM850/month. The market value is RM300K with no loan.
3) Share holding of RM840K, all invested in KLSE.
4) EPF RM460K.
Could you please advise if I have saved enough to meet the following requirements?
1) Do I have enough for retirement with monthly income of RM6500? I plan to retire as soon as possible. I will still continue to work after retirement but it would be nice not have to work for money.
2) Education fund for my daughter at about RM300K current value. The education fund is my second goal. It is up to my daughter where she chose to study. I hope to have the resources available if needed.
3) I do not have any insurance except those provided by the employer. Please recommend basis insurance requirement after retirement. Currently the employer provides PA & medical for family. No coverage upon cessation of employment. Should I take up medical insurance upon retirement? How much is sufficient for the family?
I plan to sell the second house and invest the proceeds in equity for higher return.
Retire with monthly income of RM6500
To retire now with passive income of RM6500/month (78,000 per annum), assuming that the average annual return of 8%, Ron would need to have an investment portfolio of RM975,000.
Looking at Ron’s current asset:
– Share holding of RM840k in Bursa Malaysia
– Second house of RM300k
– EPF RM460k
His total assets are RM1.6million. Let’s exclude EPF from the portfolio, he still have RM1.14 million. To get RM78k return per annum from RM1.14 million worth ofinvestment assets, he just needs to generate 7% return.
His retirement need is met in this case. To generate a 7% return per annum, it is pretty much achievable with the right mix of asset allocation.
Ron mentioned that he plan to sell the house to be invested in equity. But I wouldn’t suggest that because of several reasons:
1. If all his money is invested in equity, it is like putting all your egg in the same basket. Unless he is very good in stock picking and knows what he is doing. Warren Buffett invests almost all hismoney in stocks and he takes care of his portfolio really well.
2. His second house is giving a return of 3% per annum [RM850 x 12)/300k], which is much lower than the required return of 7% per annum. But properties appreciate over time. Another option is to refinance the house in order to withdraw more capital to be invested in the stock market. Doing this, he can still grab the full return when the house appreciates, while he is making money in the stock market and only paying low interest charges to the bank.
Anyway, there is no absolutely right answer for this. If Ron knows stocks very well compared to real estate, he can definitely sell the house and make moremoney from stock using the same amount of capital.
As a conclusion, Ron can retire already!
Education fund of RM300k
Since Ron’s daughter is only 10 years old, she will only need the large amount of education fund maybe 8-10 years later. At that time, Ron can withdraw his EPF account 2 for his daughter’s education fees.
Insurance Planning for retirement
Basically, Ron would need to get his family well-covered with insurance protection to prevent any unforeseen illness. Since Ron can afford to retire now, if he chose to stop his employment, it is advisable to get his personal insurance coverage effective.
There are 5 categories of life insurance coverage:
1. Personal Accident plan – this can be purchased from general insurance companies and also online at Tunemoney.
2. Hospitalization and surgical benefit – this is the medical card we often talk about. Most medical card cover until age 80 with adequate lifetime limit. It depends on the hospitalization package you prefer. I would suggest to get a lifetime limit coverage of not less than RM300,000 per person.
3. 36 critical illnesses – For a person who is actively earning money now, I suggest to be covered at least 3 times of your annual income. But for a retiree, probably RM100,000 would be enough just to fund the nursing care and some outpatient medication. Most of the major medical fees are covered if you have a medical card.
4. Total Permanent Disablement – This benefit is included when you are covered for 36 critical illnesses.
5. Death benefit – This benefit is also included when you are covered for 36 critical illnesses. For a retiree, death benefit is not so important compared to those actively working adults who are the breadwinners in their families.
You can allocate 5-10% of your income for insurance planning. Normally it is adequate to get your family well covered. In Ron’s situation, he can allocate about RM400-600/month for insurance planning.
Ron, well done!
You are doing a lot better than majority of the population at you age.